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J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2003 Nov;20(11):2131-6.

Planar photonic crystal structure with inherently single-mode waveguides.

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  • 1Fibre-Radio Group, ITACA Research Institute, Universidad Polit├ęcnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain.


A planar photonic crystal that allows inherently gap-guided single-mode waveguides is proposed and discussed. This novel structure consists of a two-dimensional lattice of silicon rods embedded on a thin silica slab sandwiched between two silica claddings whose refractive indices are slightly lower than the index of the silica core. The physical parameters of the structure, i.e., rod radius and core thickness, are optimized to maximize the bandgap width for odd modes. Lossless guided modes inside the bandgap and below the claddings' light cone are obtained by reducing the radius of a row of rods. The waveguide bandwidth can be increased by inserting a thin silicon dielectric waveguide instead of the row of rods. The proposed approach may overcome many of the common drawbacks in conventional holes-on-dielectric planar photonic crystal waveguides.

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