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Fertil Steril. 2003 Nov;80(5):1205-11.

Violence does not influence early pregnancy loss.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6021, USA. dnelson@cceb.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship between physical violence, controlling behavior, and spontaneous abortion (SAB).

DESIGN:

Nested case-control study.

SETTING:

Emergency department of a university hospital.

PATIENT(S):

One thousand one hundred ninety-nine pregnant women.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENT(S):

Physical violence and controlling behavior.

RESULT(S):

Cases experienced a SAB (n = 392) and controls maintained their pregnancy through 22 weeks (n = 807). Fifteen percent of women reported violence during the pregnancy, and 49% had reported one or more past episodes of violence. We found no relationship between any measure of physical violence (past, current, or by perpetrator) and the risk of SAB.

CONCLUSION(S):

Although physical violence was very prevalent in the study population, exposure to violence did not influence the risk of SAB.

PMID:
14607576
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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