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Am J Public Health. 2003 Nov;93(11):1871-7.

Increasing Latino adolescents' adherence to treatment for latent tuberculosis infection: a controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, CA 92123, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to determine the efficacy of coaching Latino adolescents with latent tuberculosis infection to adhere to isoniazid treatment.

METHODS:

Participants (n = 286) were randomly assigned to adherence coaching, attention control, or usual care groups. Adherence was measured via interviews and validated with urine assays.

RESULTS:

Coaching resulted in significant increases in adherence compared with attention and usual care groups. Bicultural adolescents were more likely to be adherent than those most or least acculturated. Age and risk behavior were negatively related to adherence.

CONCLUSIONS:

Coaching can increase Latino adolescents' adherence to treatment for latent tuberculosis infection and should contribute to tuberculosis control for adolescents at high risk of contracting the disease.

PMID:
14600055
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1448065
Free PMC Article
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