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Endocr J. 2003 Aug;50(4):473-6.

Two novel aquaporin-2 mutations in a sporadic Japanese patient with autosomal recessive nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, N15, W7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan.


We identified two novel mutations of the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) gene in a sporadic Japanese patient diagnosed with an autosomal recessive nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). The patient, a Japanese boy, was referred to our clinic at the age of 5 months because of unexplained recurrent fever. He was diagnosed with NDI by clinical, biochemical and endocrine findings. Molecular analysis demonstrated that he was a compound heterozygote for two mutations. One mutation consisted of a two base deletion in exon 1 (197, 198 delCA). This deletion caused a frameshift in the open reading frame, resulting in a premature stop codon 186 bases downstream in exon 1. The second mutation was a G to A transition of the terminal exon splice site (1502-1G-->A). To date, several mutations in the AQP2 gene have been described, however no splicing mutation in the AQP2 gene has been identified. The deletion mutation described in this case study was inherited patemally and the splicing site mutation was inherited maternally, indicating an autosomal recessive inheritance. In the present case study, we identified two new mutations in the AQP-2 gene. Previous studies have shown that there is no hot spot for mutations in the AQP-2 gene, and thus genetic analysis for individual patients is helpful for genetic counseling and early diagnosis.

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