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Acta Oncol. 2003;42(5-6):387-410.

A prospective survey of radiotherapy practice 2001 in Sweden.

Author information

  • 1Oncological Centre, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. torgil.moller@telia.com

Abstract

A prospective survey of radiotherapy practice in Sweden was conducted during 12 weeks in the autumn of 2001. All hospitals that provided radiotherapy participated, and all patients who started radiotherapy during the study period were included. The final patient sample comprised 5,105 treatments given to 4,171 patients. The results were compared with those of a similar survey conducted in 1992, and the following conclusions were drawn: A substantial increase in the use of radiotherapy was noted; The estimated proportion of cancer cases receiving radiotherapy (compared to the incident number of cases) had increased from 32% in 1992 to 47%; The proportion of cancer patients receiving radiotherapy was estimated at between 37 and 46%; 54% of treatments were given with curative intent, a small increase since 1992; The difference between regional and county departments for proportion of treatments with curative intent had diminished; Treatments with curative intent used a higher proportion of resources measured in terms of fractions; The proportion of palliative treatment was slightly lower than in 1992, but the absolute number of treatments had increased by more than 20%; No improvement in participation in clinical trials was noted; Treatments given with curative intent were more complex with more fields; Hyperfractionation was used, mainly in treatments of cancers of the head and neck, lung, and bladder; The use of brachytherapy for non-gynaecological malignancies had increased dramatically; Treatment of bone metastases with a single or few fractions was used much more frequently; Dose planning and patient set-up showed a high standard but quality control of dosimetry of given treatment did not fully comply with Swedish and European recommendations; The treatment devices seem to be used more efficiently.

PMID:
14596502
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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