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Mol Cell Probes. 2003 Oct;17(5):227-35.

A strategy based on 5' nuclease multiplex PCR to detect enterotoxin genes sea to sej of Staphylococcus aureus.

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  • 1Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments, Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches sur l'Hygiène et la Qualité des Aliments, Unité: Atelier de Biotechnologie, 1-5 rue de Belfort, Maisons-Alfort 94700, France.


We describe the development of a strategy based on 5' nuclease multiplex PCR for the rapid detection of nine enterotoxin genes (sea, seb, sec, sed, see, seg, seh, sei, sej) of Staphylococcus aureus. The genotyping scheme consists in identifying these nine enterotoxin genes by three 5' nuclease Triplex-PCR assays. The strategy was evaluated using a collection of S. aureus reference strains previously examined with conventional PCR assays, and by testing previously characterized food S. aureus field strains. The 5' nuclease Triplex-PCR assays correctly detected the se genes in all the reference strains. In tests with field strains there was generally excellent agreement with the results obtained by conventional PCR, except for some strains harbouring variant se genes. The detection limits of the Triplex-PCR assays evaluated using fivefold dilution of recombinant plasmids for each se gene ranged from 16 to 2000 copies of target se genes in the PCR tube. The 5' nuclease Triplex-PCR assays developed are fast and specific, and provide a useful diagnostic tool for the detection and genotyping of se genes. The development of this method is an improvement that should facilitate epidemiological investigations of staphylococcal food poisoning outbreaks.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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