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J Biol Chem. 2004 Jan 16;279(3):1659-64. Epub 2003 Oct 25.

SecYEG proteoliposomes catalyze the Deltaphi-dependent membrane insertion of FtsQ.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, University of Groningen, Kerklaan 30, 9751 NN Haren, The Netherlands.

Abstract

In Escherichia coli, the insertion of most inner membrane proteins is mediated by the Sec translocase. Ribosome-bound nascent chains of Sec-dependent inner membrane proteins are targeted to the SecYEG complex via the signal recognition particle pathway. We now demonstrate that the signal recognition particle-dependent co-translational membrane targeting and membrane insertion of FtsQ can be reconstituted with proteoliposomes containing purified SecYEG. SecA and a transmembrane electrical potential are essential for the translocation of the large periplasmic domain of FtsQ, whereas co-reconstituted YidC has an inhibitory effect. These data demonstrate that membrane protein insertion can be reconstituted with a minimal set of purified Sec components.

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