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Flow fields generated by peristaltic reflex in isolated guinea pig ileum: impact of contraction depth and shoulders.

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  • 1Professor of Medicine, 4551 JCP, UIHC, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Abstract

The guinea pig ileum responds to distension with characteristic wall movements, luminal pressure gradients, and outflow (the peristaltic reflex). To date, little is known about whether the peristaltic reflex generates flow events other than laminar flow. Here we used a numerical method to solve for the flow generated by moving walls to assess occlusive contractions (case 1), nonocclusive contractions (case 2), and contractions with steep shoulders (case 3) for which visual parameters of wall movements are published. We found that all three contraction cases produced pressure differentials across the coapting segment, downstream and reverse flow, and vortical flow patterns that redistributed particles and mixed liquids. Contractions generated pressures and shear stresses, particularly along the moving section of the wall. The nonocclusive contraction was much less effective than the occlusive contraction with the steep shoulders; the occlusive contraction with flat shoulders had an intermediate effect. Our analysis shows that even peristaltic contractions produce not only laminar flow but also many flow events likely to promote digestion and absorption. The visual patterns of contractions impact the patterns of luminal flow, and precise definition of wall movements is critical to quantify the fluid mechanical consequences of intestinal contractions.

PMID:
14561588
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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