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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Oct;88(10):4848-56.

Circulating resistin levels are not associated with obesity or insulin resistance in humans and are not regulated by fasting or leptin administration: cross-sectional and interventional studies in normal, insulin-resistant, and diabetic subjects.

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  • 1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.

Abstract

Resistin is a novel adipocyte-secreted hormone proposed to link obesity with diabetes. Studies in mice have revealed conflicting data however, and the physiological role of circulating resistin in humans remains unknown. We conducted cross-sectional studies in 123 middle-aged women and 120 healthy young subjects and found that serum resistin levels did not correlate with markers of adiposity, including body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, or fat mass, or insulin resistance assessed by homeostasis model, lipid profile, or serum leptin levels; but females had higher resistin levels than males (P < 0.02). We also found no difference in serum resistin levels between lean healthy and obese insulin-resistant nondiabetic and type 2 diabetic adolescents. Finally, to evaluate the effect of food deprivation and/or leptin administration on resistin levels, we performed interventional studies that revealed no significant difference in resistin levels after 48 h of fasting and/or leptin administration at either physiological or pharmacological doses. We conclude that circulating resistin is unlikely to play a major role in insulin resistance or energy homeostasis in humans.

PMID:
14557464
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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