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Circ Res. 2003 Nov 14;93(10):917-24. Epub 2003 Oct 9.

C-terminal truncation of cardiac troponin I causes divergent effects on ATPase and force: implications for the pathophysiology of myocardial stunning.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry , Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.


Myocardial stunning is a form of reversible myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury associated with systolic and diastolic contractile dysfunction. In the isolated rat heart model, myocardial stunning is characterized by specific C-terminal proteolysis of the myofilament protein, troponin I (cTnI) that yields cTnI1-193. To determine the effect of this particular C-terminal truncation of cTnI, without the confounding factor of other stunning-induced protein modifications, a series of solution biochemical assays has been undertaken using the human homologue of mouse/rat cTnI1-193, cTnI1-192. Affinity chromatography and actin sedimentation experiments detected little, or no, difference between the binding of cTnI (cTnI1-209) and cTnI1-192 to actin-tropomyosin, troponin T, or troponin C. Both cTnI and cTnI1-192 inhibit the actin-tropomyosin-activated ATPase activity of myosin subfragment 1 (S1), and this inhibition is released by troponin C in the presence of Ca2+. However, cTnI1-192, when reconstituted as part of the troponin complex (cTn1-192), caused a 54+/-11% increase in the maximum Ca2+-activated actin-tropomyosin-S1 ATPase activity, compared with troponin reconstituted with cTnI (cTn). Furthermore, cTn1-192 increased Ca2+ sensitivity of both the actin-tropomyosin-activated S1 ATPase activity and the Ca2+-dependent sliding velocity of reconstituted thin filaments, in an in vitro motility assay, compared with cTn. In an in vitro force assay, the actin-tropomyosin filaments bearing cTn1-192 developed only 76+/-4% (P<0.001) of the force obtained with filaments composed of reconstituted cTn. We suggest that cTnI proteolysis may contribute to the pathophysiology of myocardial stunning by altering the Ca2+-sensing and chemomechanical properties of the myofilaments.

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