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Planta Med. 2003 Aug;69(8):757-64.

Anti-platelet aggregation and chemical constituents from the rhizome of Gynura japonica.

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  • 1Graduate Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China.


A novel quinonoid terpenoid, (-)- alpha-tocospirone, a new chromanone, (-)-gynuraone, as well as three new steroids, (22 E,24 S)-7 alpha-hydroperoxystigmasta-5,22-dien-3 beta-ol, (22 E,24 S)-stigmasta-1,4,22-trien-3-one, and (24 R)-stigmasta-1,4-dien-3-one, together with 15 known components, were isolated from the rhizome of Formosan Gynura japonica. Structures of the new compounds were determined through spectral analyses and chemical evidence. Several of the isolated compounds, caryophyllene oxide, 6-acetyl-2,2-dimethylchroman-4-one, vanillin, 2,6-dimethoxy-1,4-benzoquinone, and benzoic acid exhibited significant anti-platelet aggregation activity in vitro.

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