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Arch Dermatol Res. 2003 Nov;295(6):223-8. Epub 2003 Oct 3.

Molecular evidence that halo in Sutton's naevus is not vitiligo.

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  • 1Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Bradford, BD7 1DP, Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK. K.Schallreuter@bradford.ac.uk

Abstract

Both halo naevus and vitiligo are acquired leucodermas of unknown aetiology. To date a significant contribution of oxidative stress through accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been documented in the pathomechanism of vitiligo but not in halo naevus. Both epidermal pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase (PCD) and catalase are sensitive markers to follow H2O2 concentration-dependent deactivation of these proteins. In situ protein expression of PCD and catalase was examined in full-skin biopsies from skin phototype-matched controls (n=5), untreated and treated vitiligo patients (n=5) and patients with untreated halo naevus in association with vitiligo (n=3). Vitiligo was treated with pseudocatalase (PC-KUS) only. Catalase levels were determined in epidermal suction blister extracts using fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC). In addition, epidermal H2O2 levels were followed in vivo by Fourier-transform Raman spectroscopy. The results of this study ruled out a contribution of H2O2 in the millimolar range in the depigmentation process of halo naevus as previously documented in vitiligo. Therefore, it can be concluded that both leucodermas exercise distinct concentration-dependent H2O2 signalling in their pathomechanisms.

PMID:
14530988
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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