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Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2003;56(3):133-8. Epub 2003 Sep 29.

Intervention rates after elective induction of labor compared to labor with a spontaneous onset. A matched cohort study.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. n.van_gemund@lumc.nl

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Elective induction of labor has become a widely used procedure in obstetrics. A number of studies have shown an increased incidence of operative deliveries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of interventions in our hospital, including operative delivery.

METHODS:

A matched cohort study in which labor of 122 electively induced women and 122 women with labor with a spontaneous onset were analyzed retrospectively. These women were matched for parity and gestational age.

RESULTS:

Pain relief, fetal scalp blood sampling and operative deliveries were recorded more frequently in the electively induced labor group. Cesarean delivery was found in 15% of women with induced labor, and in 1% of labors with a spontaneous onset (relative risk 18 (95% CI 2.4-132.7)). No differences were found in neonatal outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elective induction of labor leads to increased intervention rates during labor. The rate of cesarean delivery is high, particular in nulliparous women and multiparous women without a previous vaginal birth.

Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

PMID:
14530612
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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