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Nat Neurosci. 2003 Nov;6(11):1153-61. Epub 2003 Oct 5.

PI3 kinase enhancer-Homer complex couples mGluRI to PI3 kinase, preventing neuronal apoptosis.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Room 145, Whitehead Building, 615 Michael Street, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.

Abstract

Phosphoinositide 3 kinase enhancer (PIKE) is a recently identified nuclear GTPase that activates nuclear phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3 kinase). We have identified, cloned and characterized a new form of PIKE, designated PIKE-L, which, unlike the nuclear PIKE-S, localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. We demonstrate physiologic binding of PIKE-L to Homer, an adaptor protein known to link metabotropic glutamate receptors to multiple intracellular targets including the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R). We show that activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRIs) enhances formation of an mGluRI-Homer-PIKE-L complex, leading to activation of PI3 kinase activity and prevention of neuronal apoptosis. Our findings indicate that this complex mediates the well-known ability of agonists of mGluRI to prevent neuronal apoptosis.

PMID:
14528310
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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