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Oncogene. 2003 Sep 29;22(42):6497-507.

Advantages and limitations of microarray technology in human cancer.

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  • 1Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, College of Science and Technology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.

Abstract

Cancer is a highly variable disease with multiple heterogeneous genetic and epigenetic changes. Functional studies are essential to understanding the complexity and polymorphisms of cancer. The final deciphering of the complete human genome, together with the improvement of high throughput technologies, is causing a fundamental transformation in cancer research. Microarray is a new powerful tool for studying the molecular basis of interactions on a scale that is impossible using conventional analysis. This technique makes it possible to examine the expression of thousands of genes simultaneously. This technology promises to lead to improvements in developing rational approaches to therapy as well as to improvements in cancer diagnosis and prognosis, assuring its entry into clinical practice in specialist centers and hospitals within the next few years. Predicting who will develop cancer and how this disease will behave and respond to therapy after diagnosis will be one of the potential benefits of this technology within the next decade. In this review, we highlight some of the recent developments and results in microarray technology in cancer research, discuss potentially problematic areas associated with it, describe the eventual use of microarray technology for clinical applications and comment on future trends and issues.

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