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J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Dec;30(12):3163-7.

Sensitive and specific serodiagnosis of invasive amebiasis by using a recombinant surface protein of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica.

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  • 1Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.


A recombinantly expressed protein, recEh-P1, representing part of an immunodominant surface antigen of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica, was used for serodiagnosis of invasive amebiasis. Expression was performed under the control of a T7-RNA promoter by using a modified procaryotic expression vector, designated pHisT7. This vector allowed high-yield expression of recEh-P1 fused to a stretch of sequence containing eight histidine residues, which facilitated purification by metal chelate affinity chromatography on Ni2+ columns under highly denatured conditions. Purified recEh-P1 was found to be water soluble after prolonged dialysis and was used as the antigen for the detection of antiamebic serum antibodies by immunoblotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In both tests all sera of patients with invasive amebiasis reacted to recEh-P1 whereas none of those collected from healthy controls, including individuals with noninvasive amebiasis, or from patients suffering from bacterial or protozoan infections unrelated to E. histolytica did so.

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