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Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2003 Nov;5(6):476-83.

A review of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 50, Suite 200-B Wing, 2200 West Main Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA. ewestman@duke.edu


In response to the emerging epidemic of obesity in the United States, a renewal of interest in alternative diets has occurred, especially in diets that limit carbohydrate intake. Recent research has demonstrated that low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets can lead to weight loss and favorable changes in serum triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. This review summarizes the physiology and recent clinical studies regarding this type of diet.

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