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J Neurophysiol. 2004 Jan;91(1):163-71. Epub 2003 Oct 1.

Role of the tectorial membrane revealed by otoacoustic emissions recorded from wild-type and transgenic Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice.

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  • 1School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9QG, United Kingdom. a.lukashkin@sussex.ac.uk

Abstract

Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were recorded from wild-type mice and mutant Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice with detached tectorial membranes (TM) under combined ketamine/xylaxine anesthesia. In Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice, DPOAEs could be detected above the noise floor only when the levels of the primary tones exceeded 65 dB SPL. DPOAE amplitude decreased with increasing frequency of the primaries in Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice. This was attributed to hair cell excitation via viscous coupling to the surrounding fluid and not by interaction with the TM as in the wild-type mice. Local minima and corresponding phase transitions in the DPOAE growth functions occurred at higher DPOAE levels in wild-type than in Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice. In less-sensitive Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice, the position of the local minima varied nonsystematically with frequency or no minima were observed. A bell-like dependence of the DPOAE amplitude on the ratio of the primaries was recorded in both wild-type and Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice. However, the pattern of this dependence was different in the wild-type and Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice, an indication that the bell-like shape of the DPOAE was produced by a combination of different mechanisms. A nonlinear low-frequency resonance, revealed by nonmonotonicity of the phase behavior, was seen in the wild-type but not in Tecta(deltaENT/deltaENT) mice.

PMID:
14523068
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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