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J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2003 Oct;14(10):1077-84.

Effects of cytochalasin D on electrical restitution and the dynamics of ventricular fibrillation in isolated rabbit heart.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

Cytochalasin D in Rabbit Ventricle.

INTRODUCTION:

Cytochalasin D (cyto-D) has been used as an excitation-contraction uncoupler during optical mapping studies. However, its effects on action potential duration restitution (APDR) and dynamics during ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unclear.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts (N = 6) were immersed in a tissue chamber. Transmembrane potential was recorded using glass microelectrodes. APD measured to 90% repolarization (APD90) was used to construct the APDR curve. During regular pacing at 300-msec cycle length, increasing concentrations of cyto-D resulted in progressively prolonged APD90 (131 +/- 26 msec, 171 +/- 14 msec, and 177 +/- 14 msec) and steepened maximum slope of the APDR curve (1.1 +/- 0.2, 1.3 +/- 0.2, and 1.6 +/- 0.4 for control, 5 micromoles, and 10 micromoles, respectively; P < 0.01). Resting membrane potential, AP amplitude, and maximum dV/dt did not change. Cyto-D lengthened VF cycle length and APD90, and steepened the maximum slope of the APDR curve. However, cyto-D did not significantly change the diastolic interval. The dominant frequency of pseudoelectrocardiogram progressively decreased with increasing concentrations of cyto-D (15.2 +/- 0.6 Hz, 11.1 +/- 2.4 Hz, and 9.8 +/- 3.2 Hz for control, 5 micromoles, and 10 micromoles, respectively; P < 0.01). Sustained (>1 min) VF was repeatedly inducible at baseline and with 5 or 10 micromoles of cyto-D.

CONCLUSION:

Continuous perfusion of cyto-D at 5 or 10 micromoles prolonged APD90, steepened APDR slope, and reduced dominant frequency in rabbit ventricles. Cyto-D at these concentrations allowed induction of sustained VF.

PMID:
14521661
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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