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Eur J Biochem. 2003 Oct;270(20):4133-9.

Characterization of eIF3k: a newly discovered subunit of mammalian translation initiation factor elF3.

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  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Abstract

Mammalian translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) is a multisubunit complex containing at least 12 subunits with an apparent aggregate mass of approximately 700 kDa. eIF3 binds to the 40S ribosomal subunit, promotes the binding of methionyl-tRNAi and mRNA, and interacts with several other initiation factors to form the 40S initiation complex. Human cDNAs encoding 11 of the 12 subunits have been isolated previously; here we report the cloning and characterization of a twelfth subunit, a 28-kDa protein named eIF3k. Evidence that eIF3k is present in the eIF3 complex was obtained. A monoclonal anti-eIF3a (p170) Ig coimmunoprecipitates eIF3k with the eIF3 complex. Affinity purification of histidine-tagged eIF3k from transiently transfected COS cells copurifies other eIF3 subunits. eIF3k colocalizes with eIF3 on 40S ribosomal subunits. eIF3k coexpressed with five other 'core' eIF3 subunits in baculovirus-infected insect cells, forms a stable, immunoprecipitatable, complex with the 'core'. eIF3k interacts directly with eIF3c, eIF3g and eIF3j by glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays. Sequences homologous with eIF3k are found in the genomes of Caenorhabitis elegans, Arabidopsis thaliana and Drosophila melanogaster, and a homologous protein has been reported to be present in wheat eIF3. Its ubiquitous expression in human tissues, yet its apparent absence in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, suggest a unique regulatory role for eIF3k in higher organisms. The studies of eIF3k complete the characterization of mammalian eIF3 subunits.

PMID:
14519125
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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