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Blood. 2004 Feb 1;103(3):1105-13. Epub 2003 Sep 25.

Unique CD18 mutations involving a deletion in the extracellular stalk region and a major truncation of the cytoplasmic domain in a patient with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1.

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  • 1CNRC/Leukocyte Biology, 1100 Bates Ave, Suite 6014, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Two novel CD18 mutations were identified in a patient who was a compound heterozygote with type 1 leukocyte adhesion deficiency and whose phenotype was typical except that he exhibited hypertrophic scarring. A deletion of 36 nucleotides in exon 12 (1622del36) predicted the net loss of 12 amino acid (aa) residues in the third cysteine-rich repeat of the extracellular stalk region (mut-1). A nonsense mutation in exon 15 (2200G>T), predicted a 36-aa truncation of the cytoplasmic domain (mut-2). Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) and macrophage antigen-1 (Mac-1) containing the mut-1 beta(2) subunit were expressed at very low levels compared with wild-type (wt) beta(2). Mac-1 and LFA-1 expression with the mut-2 beta(2) subunit were equivalent to results with wt beta(2). Binding function of Mac-1 with mut-2 beta(2) was equivalent to that with wt beta(2). However, binding function of LFA-1 with the mut-2 beta(2) subunit was reduced by 50% versus wt beta(2). It was concluded that (1) the portion of the CD18 stalk region deleted in mut-1 is critical for beta(2) integrin heterodimer expression but the portion of the cytoplasmic domain truncated in mut-2 is not; and (2) the mut-2 cytoplasmic domain truncation impairs binding function of LFA-1 but not of Mac-1. Studies with the patient's neutrophils (PMNs) were consistent with functional impairment of LFA-1 but not of Mac-1.

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