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World J Surg. 2003 Jul;27(7):824-31.

Postlaryngectomy voice rehabilitation: state of the art at the millennium.

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  • 1Wharton Head & Neck Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, 610 University Avenue, Suite 3-950, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2M9.


Total laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy remains the procedure of choice for advanced laryngeal/hypopharyngeal carcinoma, either as a primary procedure or as salvage following irradiation alone or concurrent chemoradiation therapy. Over the past 25 years there has been significant improvement in the rehabilitation of these patients, with speech restoration that has dramatically altered and improved their quality of life. This article reviews postlaryngectomy voice rehabilitation with a historical background as well as the present state-of-the-art tracheoesophageal shunt voice with an artificial valve. Finally, this article reviews and compares artificial valve prostheses as to their voice characteristics, patient satisfaction, complications associated with the procedure, and devices used at a center in Europe (The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam) and a North American center (The Wharton Head and Neck Center, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada).

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