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J Mol Neurosci. 2003;20(3):249-54.

Characterization of radioiodinated ligand binding to amyloid beta plaques.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19014, USA.


Several novel series of iodinated compounds based on the thioflavin backbone structure have been developed and characterized. These iodinated compounds showed high specific binding to amyloid beta (Abeta) aggregates with subnanomolar to nanomolar affinities. Probes like IMPY and MIPA display high brain uptakes and fast washout in normal mice, resulting in low background signals (presumably no amyloid plaques present in normal mouse brain), whereas TZDM shows long brain retention in normal mice suggesting high nonspecific in vivo binding. It is likely that tracers, that is, IMPY or MIPA, with desirable in vivo properties, will provide the highest target to non-target ratio; therefore, they are most likely to be successful as imaging agents targeting Abeta plaques in the brain.

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