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J Immunol. 2003 Oct 1;171(7):3775-84.

Immunomodulatory role of CXCR2 during experimental septic peritonitis.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.


The loss of CXCR2 expression by neutrophils is a well-described, but poorly understood, consequence of clinical sepsis. To address the potential impact of this CXCR2 deficit during the septic response, we examined the role of CXCR2 in a murine model of septic peritonitis provoked by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). CLP-induced mouse mortality was significantly attenuated with i.v. or i.p. administration of an affinity-purified murine CXCR2-specific polyclonal Ab. Mouse survival required Ab administration before and every 2 days following CLP. Furthermore, mice deficient in CXCR2 (CXCR2(-/-)) were significantly protected against CLP-induced mortality compared with control (CXCR2(+/+)) mice. The anti-CXCR2 Ab treatment delayed, but did not completely inhibit, the recruitment of leukocytes, specifically neutrophils, into the peritoneal cavity. Peritoneal macrophages from anti-CXCR2 Ab-treated mice exhibited markedly increased RNA and protein levels of several key proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Specifically, isolated preparations of these cells released approximately 11-fold more CXCL10 protein compared with peritoneal macrophages from control-treated or naive mice. CXCR2(-/-) mice had higher resting and CLP-induced levels of peritoneal CXCL10 compared with CXCR2(+/+) mice. Administration of a neutralizing, affinity-purified, murine CXCL10-specific polyclonal Ab before CLP in wild-type mice and every 2 days after surgery significantly increased mortality compared with control Ab-treated mice. Anti-CXCL10 treatment in CXCR2(-/-) mice negated the protective effect associated with the absence of CXCR2. In summary, these data demonstrate that the absence of CXCR2 protects mice from septic injury potentially by delaying inflammatory cell recruitment and enhancing CXCL10 expression in the peritoneum.

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