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J Immunol. 2003 Oct 1;171(7):3742-50.

Inhibition of cytokine gene transcription by the human recombinant histamine-releasing factor in human T lymphocytes.

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  • 1The Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.


Human recombinant histamine-releasing factor (HrHRF) preincubation enhances the secretion of histamine, IL-4, and IL-13 from FcepsilonRI-stimulated human basophils. In GM-CSF-primed human eosinophils, HrHRF increases IL-8 production. Our recent experiments were designed to evaluate the effects of HrHRF on human T cell cytokine production. Purified T cells were preincubated with GST-tagged HrHRF, followed by stimulation with PMA and A23187 overnight. A partial inhibition of IL-2 and IL-13 production (30 and 75%, respectively) was detected compared with that in cells treated with PMA/A23187 alone. However, the production of IFN-gamma was similar in PMA/A23187 stimulated cells with or without HrHRF. The inhibition of cytokine protein production was dose dependent and specific to the HrHRF portion of GST-HrHRF. The inhibition was not due to endotoxin, since preincubation with polymyxin B and HrHRF gave similar results to that with HrHRF alone. The same pattern and specificity of cytokine regulation were replicated in the Jurkat T cell line as for primary T cells. The PMA/A23187-stimulated activity of a proximal promoter IL-13, IL-4, or IL-2 luciferase construct transfected into Jurkat cells was partially inhibited (60, 32, or 70%, respectively) upon GST-HrHRF preincubation, suggesting that HrHRF functions to inhibit cytokine production in Jurkat cells by preventing gene transcription. The inhibition of IL-2 promoter activation was specific to the HrHRF portion of GST-HrHRF. We conclude that HrHRF, in addition to functioning as a histamine-releasing factor, can differentially modulate the secretion of cytokines from human basophils, eosinophils, T cells, and murine B cells, suggesting that it may induce a complex array of responses at sites of allergic inflammation.

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