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NMR Biomed. 1992 Jul-Aug;5(4):193-9.

Direct absolute quantification of metabolites in the human brain with in vivo localized proton spectroscopy.

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  • 1Radiologische Klinik, Abt. Röntgendiagnostik, Freiburg, Germany.


The absolute concentrations of the three major brain metabolites observable by in vivo proton spectroscopy--N-acetylaspartate(NAA), creatine and phosphocreatine (Cr and PCr) and choline (Cho)--have been measured at four standardized localizations in 34 healthy volunteers by in vivo localized proton spectroscopy using an external reference sample. The results show that the concentration of Cr and PCr as observed by in vivo MRS (5-6 mmol/L) is lower than that measured by other methods. The results are concordant with the hypothesis, that the Cr and PCr resonance as observed by proton spectroscopy is due mainly to PCr, whereas Cr remains invisible by being attached to a larger molecule. It is also demonstrated, that Cr and PCr is higher in the cerebellum than in the cerebrum, whereas NAA remains constant within the margin of error (8-9 mmol/L).

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