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Regul Pept. 1992 Jul 2;40(1):51-61.

Functional control of chromogranin A and B concentrations in the body of the rat stomach.

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  • 1MRC Secretory Control Group, Physiological Laboratory, University of Liverpool, UK.


The chromogranins are soluble, acidic, proteins which are frequently co-stored in neuroendocrine cells with biogenic amines. In the gastric mucosa chromogranin A is localized to enterochromaffin-like cells which are the main source of histamine, and which are known to be regulated by circulating gastrin. We have used radioimmunoassays selective for the extreme C-terminal regions of chromogranin A and B to examine changes in gastric extracts following modulation of the gastric luminal contents. There were decreased concentrations of the two chromogranins in tissue extracts of rats after food withdrawal (which lowered plasma gastrin concentrations); inhibition of acid secretion with the H+/K(+)-ATPase inhibitor, omeprazole (which increased plasma gastrin concentrations) raised chromogranin A and B concentrations both in fasted rats, and in rats fed ad libitum. There was no evidence for altered patterns of posttranslational cleavage of chromogranin A or B with these treatments. The data indicate that chromogranin A and B concentrations in gastric ECL cells are regulated in parallel with histamine production, and are consistent with the idea that the chromogranins play a role in the formation and stabilization of the secretory granule involved in amine storage.

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