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J Med Chem. 1992 Oct 2;35(20):3595-606.

Hypocholesterolemic activity of synthetic and natural tocotrienols.

Author information

  • 1Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Wallingford, Connecticut 06492.

Abstract

Tocotrienols are farnesylated benzopyran natural products that exhibit hypocholesterolemic activity in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism of their hypolipidemic action involves posttranscriptional suppression of HMG-CoA reductase by a process distinct from other known inhibitors of cholesterol biosynthesis. An efficient synthetic route to tocotrienols and their isolation from palm oil distillate using an improved procedure is presented. gamma-Tocotrienol exhibits a 30-fold greater activity toward cholesterol biosynthesis inhibition compared to alpha-tocotrienol in HepG2 cells in vitro. The synthetic (racemic) and natural (chiral) tocotrienols exhibit nearly identical cholesterol biosynthesis inhibition and HMG-CoA reductase suppression properties as demonstrated in vitro and in vivo.

PMID:
1433170
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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