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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1992 Sep;13(9):535-9.

Infections and infection risks in home care settings.

Author information

  • Department of Mental Health, Community and Administrative Nursing, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0608.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe the characteristics of home healthcare clients with respect to infection risks and the presence of infections.

DESIGN:

Descriptive survey of client charts using a point prevalence design.

SETTING:

A private San Francisco, California, Bay area home care agency.

PARTICIPANTS:

A random sample of 175 clients (28%) was taken from the active client list for a single day; demographic data and clinical data from the last visit prior to the selection day were collected from each chart.

RESULTS:

The clients were predominantly elderly (mean = 68.6) with an average of 3.6 co-morbid conditions; 12% had an invasive device. Over 20% had an infection on the day surveyed. Five percent had an infection that occurred during home care delivery.

CONCLUSIONS:

A substantial proportion of home health clients have infections, and they represent persons with a number of the risks associated with infections. Guidelines for defining and monitoring infections in home care need to be developed. Hospital-based surveillance methods are not altogether appropriate in this setting; redesigning methods such as targeted surveillance, monitoring rehospitalization, or immunization practices are discussed as potential ways to measure quality of care in the home setting.

PMID:
1431001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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