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Int Orthop. 1992;16(3):237-9.

Listeria monocytogenes infection in prosthetic joints.

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  • 1Federal Public Health Laboratory, University of Innsbruck, Austria.


Listeria monocytogenes is increasingly recognised as a cause of prosthetic joint infection. These infections tend to be more insidious and indolent in contrast to similar infections with Staphylococcus aureus. They can occur in patients who are immunocompromised due to malignancy or other illness or in nonimmunocompromised elderly patients. Listeria infections should not be treated with cephalosporins and prolonged antimicrobial treatment is generally advised for prosthetic joint infections. We noted a high affinity of L. monocytogenes for foreign bodies. Three of twenty-seven cases 11%) of listeriosis under the period of investigation were associated with foreign bodies (hip prosthesis, knee prosthesis and arterial graft).

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