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Dig Dis Sci. 1992 Nov;37(11):1666-70.

Effects of gastric inhibitory polypeptide and glucagon on portal venous and hepatic arterial flow in conscious dogs.

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  • 1First Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.

Abstract

Gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) has considerable structural homology with glucagon, which is known to increase liver blood flow. We compared the effects of GIP on portal venous and hepatic arterial flow with those of glucagon in conscious dogs. Injection of GIP significantly increased portal venous flow in a dose-related manner (by 7%, 15%, and 46% at doses of 1, 100, and 500 pmol/kg, respectively). The increase in portal venous flow induced by GIP and glucagon was comparable; however, the increase in portal venous flow after GIP injection reached its peak significantly earlier than that after glucagon injection. Hepatic arterial flow decreased after GIP injection (by 17%, 21%, and 35% at doses of 1, 100, and 500 pmol/kg, respectively), whereas it was not altered by glucagon. Thus, GIP causes significant changes in both portal venous and hepatic arterial flow in conscious dogs. Although structurally related, GIP and glucagon may influence liver blood flow through different mechanisms.

PMID:
1425064
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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