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Brain Res Bull. 1992 Nov;29(5):581-7.

Inhibitory inputs to the subfornical organ from the AV3V: involvement of GABA.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Abstract

Action potentials were recorded extracellularly from single neurons in the subfornical organ (SFO) of the pentobarbital-anesthetized cat following stimulation of the regions surrounding the anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V). Of 328 SFO neurons studied, 103 were antidromically activated, showing direct projections from the SFO to the AV3V. However, the major effects of stimulations of the AV3V on SFO neurons were orthodromic inhibition; almost 30% of SFO neurons were inhibited by various sites in the AV3V, while a smaller proportion of cells were excited. Local application of bicuculline, an antagonist for GABA, attenuated the inhibitory responses induced by stimulation of the AV3V in seven out of eight neurons tested. Application of GABA inhibited 16 out of 24 neurons, while that of bicuculline alone excited 11 out of 26 neurons, suggesting the tonic inhibitory action of GABA on some SFO neurons. On the other hand, application of kynurenic acid, a nonspecific antagonist for the excitatory amino acids, did not affect the excitatory responses induced by stimulation of the AV3V, but kynurenic acid itself inhibited 6 out of 18 neurons tested. Application of glutamate excited most SFO neurons. This suggests that the excitatory amino acids may be the transmitter(s) of interneurons in the SFO but may not mediate the excitation from the AV3V.

PMID:
1422855
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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