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Br J Pharmacol. 1992 Sep;107(1):215-21.

In vitro characterization of prostanoid FP-, DP-, IP- and TP-receptors on the non-pregnant human myometrium.

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  • 1Postgraduate Studies in Pharmacology, University of Bradford.


1. Prostaglandin F (PGF), PGD, PGI and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) receptors have been pharmacologically characterized on the non-pregnant human myometrium in vitro in accordance with the receptor classification proposed by Coleman et al. (1984). The tools for the classification include both natural prostanoids, synthetic, selective analogues and antagonists where available. 2. The potent excitatory actions of the natural FP-receptor prostanoid, PGF2 alpha, and the synthetic analogue, fluprostenol, indicate the presence of FP-receptors mediating contraction on the human myometrium. 3. PGD2 produced a biphasic response consisting of excitation followed by relaxation of spontaneous activity of the myometrium. The selective DP-receptor agonists, BW245C, produced purely inhibitory responses illustrating the presence of inhibitory DP-receptors in this tissue. The inhibitory responses of both PGD2 and BW245C were antagonized by the competitive DP-receptor antagonist, BWA 868C, providing conclusive evidence for the existence of DP-receptors. 4. PGI2 produced a biphasic response similar to PGD2. Iloprost, the EP1/IP-receptor agonist also produced a biphasic response, whilst the IP-receptor selective agonist, cicaprost, caused inhibition only, suggesting that inhibitory IP-receptors exist in the non-pregnant human myometrium. 5. The TXA2-mimetic, U46619, produced marked stimulation of the non-pregnant human myometrium and was approximately equipotent to PGF2 alpha and fluprostenol in this effect. The actions of U46619 were competitively antagonized by the TP-receptor antagonist GR32191 showing that excitatory TP-receptors exist in this tissue.6. All prostanoids tested, both natural and synthetic, had activity on the non-pregnant human myometrium in vitro, supporting the existence of a heterogeneous population of prostanoid receptors in this tissue. If the results from the present study are combined with those previously reported for EP-receptor agonists (Senior et al., 1991), it may be concluded that excitation may occur through FP-, TP-, EP3- and few EP,-receptors, whereas inhibition may occur through DP-, IP- and EP2-receptors.

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