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Am J Hum Genet. 1992 Oct;51(4):850-8.

Nonsense mutations of the von Willebrand factor gene in patients with von Willebrand disease type III and type I.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Genetics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


von Willebrand disease (vWD) is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in humans. The disease is caused by qualitative and quantitative abnormalities of the von Willebrand factor (vWF). Genomic DNA from 25 patients with vWD type III, the most severe form of the disease, was studied using PCR followed by restriction-enzyme analysis and direct sequencing of the products. Nonsense mutations (CGA----TGA) were detected in exons 28, 32, and 45 by screening of all the 11 CGA arginine codons of the vWF gene. Two patients were found to be homozygous and five heterozygous for the mutation. Both parents and some of the relatives of the homozygous patients carry the mutation. These are the first reported examples of homozygous point mutations associated with the severe form of vWD. In the three heterozygous probands, one of the parents carried the mutation and had vWD type I. Family studies including parents and family members with or without vWD type I indicated that these three heterozygous patients are likely to be compound heterozygous. Twenty-one individuals from these seven families with vWD type I were found to be heterozygous for the mutation.

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