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Neurology. 1992 Oct;42(10):1911-7.

National General Practice Study of Epilepsy (NGPSE): partial seizure patterns in a general population.

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  • 1National General Practice Study of Epilepsy, Chalfont Centre for Epilepsy, Buckinghamshire, England.


The National General Practice Study of Epilepsy (NGPSE) is a prospective community-based study of newly diagnosed epileptic seizures. Of 594 patients with definite epileptic seizures, 160 (26.9%) had seizures with a clinically localizable onset: 36 (22.5%) frontal, 52 (32.5%) central sensorimotor, 43 (27%) temporal, nine (5.6%) frontotemporal, and 10 each (6.3%) parietal and other posterior cortex. There was no difference among these groups in seizure frequency or remission rate; 46.5% were seizure free and 6.9% had severe epilepsy. Etiology was identifiable in 41% and focal CT and EEG abnormalities in 33% and 19%, with results discordant with the clinical seizure localization in 21% and 20%. Temporal lobe epilepsy may be underreported, as it may be more difficult to localize clinically. Extratemporal seizures are extremely common in the general population, especially frontal and central sensorimotor, in relation to cerebrovascular disease. Prognoses are similar for partial epilepsies with different clinical patterns and regions of onset and are much better than suggested in hospital-based studies. The clinical, EEG, and CT localizations may frequently be discordant in this nonrefractory group.

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