Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pediatr. 1992 Oct;121(4):553-7.

Atypical features of the hepatic form of carnitine palmitoyltransferase deficiency in a Hutterite family.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


We describe hepatic carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT I) deficiency in three children (a brother and sister and their second cousin) from an extended inbred Hutterite kindred. The patients were first seen between 8 and 18 months of age with recurrent episodes of hypoketotic hypoglycemia accompanied by a decreased level of consciousness and hepatomegaly. One patient had two Reye syndrome-like episodes. Abnormal organic acids were rarely detected in urine. Serum total and free carnitine levels were elevated in all three patients. Fibroblast acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase activities were normal in all, but palmitic acid oxidation, performed in fibroblasts from one patient, was less than 10% of control values. Activity of CPT I in cultured skin fibroblasts from the three patients was 10% to 15% of control levels; CPT II activity was normal. Activity of CPT I and CPT II in muscle from one patient was normal. Atypical features in two of these patients were greatly elevated levels of liver enzymes and creatine kinase during acute episodes. The patients have recently been successfully treated with medium-chain triglycerides and avoidance of fasting. Early identification and treatment of this disorder may avert potentially fatal episodes of hypoglycemia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk