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J Lipid Res. 1992 Sep;33(9):1327-34.

Water-phase palmitate concentrations in equilibrium with albumin-bound palmitate in a biological system.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry B, University of Copenhagen, Panum Institute, Denmark.


The palmitate (PA) binding and transport capacity of human and bovine red cell membranes enables us to establish, in a biological system, the existence of a well-defined monomer concentration in equilibrium with PA bound to bovine serum albumin (BSA, 30 microM) inside the resealed red cell ghosts. Supernatants of suspensions of the [3H]PA-labeled ghosts contain a tiny quantity of dissolved binding capacities besides the monomer PA. This is demonstrated by linear regression of supernatant tracer concentrations versus ghost concentrations in a dilution series. The extrapolated value, corresponding to zero ghost concentration, is the monomer PA concentration in equilibrium with PA bound to BSA within the ghosts in molar ratio (nu). Measurements have been carried out for nu between 0.1 and 1.5 and at 0 degrees C, 10 degrees C, 23 degrees C and 38 degrees C. The important nu-dependent binding of PA to the ghost membrane itself enables us to use preparations of BSA-free ghosts in the same way, whereas this is impossible in the case of arachidonic acid. Within the physiological range of nu the PA monomer concentrations are accounted for by an apparent dissociation equilibrium constant (Kd) 3.4 10(-8) M at 38 degrees C calculated on basis of three equivalent binding sites per mol BSA. Kd depends on temperature with a well-defined enthalpy of 38.4 kJ/mol.

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