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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Oct;75(4):1081-6.

Biosynthesis of interleukin-6 by cultured human chorion laeve cells: regulation by cytokines.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84132.


Intrauterine infection is an important cause of preterm labor and delivery and is characterized by increased production of inflammatory cytokines by gestational tissues. We evaluated the biosynthesis of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) by human chorion laeve cells and its regulation by other cytokines essential to the inflammatory process. We found that cultured chorion cells secrete IL-6 in the presence of growth medium supplemented only with 10% fetal calf serum. IL-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor, and lipopolysaccharide all induced a significant concentration-dependent stimulation of IL-6 production by chorion cells. The concentration range of each cytokine tested (0.1-10 ng/mL) is within the range of values found in the amniotic fluid of women destined to deliver preterm due to infection of gestational tissues. Additionally, treatment of chorion cells with IL-1 beta in combination with actinomycin-D or cycloheximide attenuated the stimulatory action of IL-1 beta on IL-6 production. Northern blot analysis of total RNA from cultured chorion cells stimulated with IL-1 beta demonstrated that IL-6 mRNA increases over time. Our data suggest that IL-6 is produced by human fetal chorion in response to infection of maternal gestational tissues. In conjunction with other inflammatory mediators, fetally derived IL-6 may play a role in the pathophysiology of preterm labor due to infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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