Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 1992 Oct 15;267(29):20746-51.

Nitrilase from Rhodococcus rhodochrous J1. Sequencing and overexpression of the gene and identification of an essential cysteine residue.

Author information

  • 1Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Japan.


The amino acid sequences of the NH2 terminus and internal peptide fragments of a Rhodococcus rhodochrous J1 nitrilase were determined to prepare synthetic oligonucleotides as primers for the polymerase chain reaction. A 750-base DNA fragment thus amplified was used as the probe to clone a 5.4-kilobase PstI fragment coding for the whole nitrilase. The nitrilase gene modified in the sequence upstream from the presumed ATG start codon was expressed to approximately 50% of the total soluble protein in Escherichia coli. The predicted amino acid sequence of the nitrilase gene showed similarity to that of the bromoxynil nitrilase from Klebsiella ozaenae. The 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) modification of the nitrilase from R. rhodochrous J1 resulted in inactivation with the loss of one sulfhydryl group/enzyme subunit. Of 4 cysteine residues in the Rhodococcus nitrilase, only Cys-165 is conserved in the Klebsiella nitrilase. Mutant enzymes containing Ala or Ser instead of Cys-165 did not exhibit nitrilase activity. These findings suggest that Cys-165 plays an essential role in the function of the active site.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

Research Materials

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk