Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Invest. 1992 Sep;90(3):840-7.

Transfection of a glycosylated phosphatidylinositol-anchored folate-binding protein complementary DNA provides cells with the ability to survive in low folate medium.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Brooklyn Veterans Affairs Hospital, New York 11209.


KB cells express a folate-binding protein that is anchored to the plasma membrane by a glycosylated phosphatidylinositol (GPI) tail and these cells can grow in medium containing a very low folate concentration (1 nM). In contrast, mouse 3T3 cells do not express a membrane-associated folate-binding protein and cannot grow under similar low folate conditions. In these studies, 3T3 cells were transfected with a vector containing the cDNA that codes for the KB cell folate-binding protein. In contrast to the wild-type 3T3 cells, the transfected 3T3 cells express a level of folate-binding protein similar to KB cells, 1 and 1.4 ng/micrograms protein, respectively. The capacity for binding [3H] folate to the surface of transfected 3T3 cells cultured in folate-deficient medium is 7.7 pmol/10(6) cells, and this is approximately 50% of the surface binding capacity of KG cells under similar culture conditions. Moreover, after treatment of the transfected 3T3 cells with phospholipase C specific for phosphatidylinositol, the binding of [3H] folate to the surface of these cells is reduced by 90%, indicating that, like the KB cells, the folate-binding protein is anchored to the plasma membrane by a GPI tail. Although the doubling time of wild-type 3T3 cells markedly increases after 13 d of culture in folate-deficient medium, the doubling time of both the transfected 3T3 cells and KB cells do not change. The results of these experiments indicate that the GPI-anchored folate-binding protein provides a mechanism to maintain a level of folate that permits the folate-dependent metabolic functions necessary for cell survival under low folate conditions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Journal of Clinical Investigation Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk