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Eur J Immunol. 1992 Aug;22(8):1961-6.

Lymphokine profile and activation pattern of two unrelated antigen- or idiotype-specific T suppressor cell clones.

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  • 1Institut für Immunologie, Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, FRG.

Abstract

Two T suppressor (Ts) clones of different specificity have been analyzed for their lymphokine spectrum. BVI/5 is an I-Ek-restricted bovine serum albumin (BSA)-specific Ts cell clone from a CBA/J mouse tolerized by low doses of BSA. It affects directly or indirectly the function of BSA-specific T helper (Th) cells. The Ts cell clone 178-4 from a BALB/c mouse is I-Ed restricted and recognizes the public J558 Id on B cells. It prevents alpha(1----3)dextran B 1355S (Dex)-specific IgG antibody production and drives Dex-specific J558 idiotype-bearing B cells into an anergic B IgG memory cell state. Both Ts cell clones thus cause specific suppression, yet in different experimental systems using different effector mechanisms. Upon stimulation with concanavalin A or fixed CD3-specific monoclonal antibody, both clones produce high levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) but in contrast to Th1 cells no interleukin (IL)-2. Both clones produce low levels of IL-3 and IL-6 but no IL-4, IL-5 and IL-9. Furthermore, unlike Th2 cells, both clones do not respond to IL-1. The mechanism of the idiotype-specific induction of anergy in Dex-specific B IgG memory cells by 178-4 Ts cells is not yet understood. BVI/5 Ts cells suppress in vitro the BSA-specific proliferation of the BSA-specific Th cell clone 83/1, as well as the response of BSA-primed CBA/LN cells. Whereas the suppressive effect on 83/1 cells is due to IFN-gamma alone the suppression of BSA-specific lymph node cells can be simulated neither by IFN-gamma nor the combination of IFN-gamma and TNF. Thus these mediators cannot account for the antigen-specific suppression by BVI/5 Ts cells in polyclonal in vitro responses from lymph node cells and probably not for the induction of in vivo unresponsiveness.

PMID:
1386311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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