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Br J Neurosurg. 1992;6(4):297-304.

Self-reported prevalence of disability after subarachnoid haemorrhage, with special emphasis on return to leisure and work.

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  • 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, UmeĆ„ University Hospital, Sweden.


The prevalences of motor and language impairments and of disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL), leisure and work were investigated in a consecutive series (n = 296) of long-term survivors of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Motor and language impairments were present in 17 and 20%, respectively. The majority reported independence in self-care (91%) and instrumental (80%) ADL, but among the self-care independent, 23% reported need of personal assistance. Leisure disability occurred in 48% and vocational disability in 40%. Hence, disabilities are more common after SAH than is indicated by occurrences of motor and language impairments. It is concluded that the discrepancy between the prevalences of impairments and of disabilities may be to a great extent caused by coping difficulties in relation to socio-demographic and geographic circumstances. The findings indicate a need for rehabilitative follow-up for virtually all SAH-patients.

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