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Mutat Res. 1992 Sep;269(1):149-69.

X-ray-induced specific-locus mutations in the ad-3 region of two-component heterokaryons of Neurospora crassa. XI. Heterozygous effects of gene/point mutations of genotype ad-3A or ad-3B.

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  • 1Center for Life Sciences and Toxicology, Research Triangle Institute, NC 27709.

Abstract

Previous studies on X-ray-induced irreparable adenine-3 mutants (designated ad-3IR), induced in heterokaryon 12 of Neurospora crassa, showed that they were not recessive, and that they demonstrated heterozygous effects in terms of markedly reduced linear growth rates as compared with a wild-type control (de Serres, 1965, 1988). Homology tests on X-ray-induced irreparable mutants showed that they map, in the main part, as a series of overlapping multilocus deletions that extend both proximally and distally into the immediately adjacent genetic regions, as well as into the 'X' region (a region of unknown, but essential, function) between ad-3A and ad-3B (de Serres, 1969, 1989a). Studies on a larger sample of X-ray-induced multilocus deletion mutations of genotype (ad-3A)IR or (ad-3B)IR (de Serres et al., 1992) demonstrated that heterozygous effects are allele specific and that there was no correlation with genotype, radiation dose or complementation map position. Furthermore, the heterozygous effects of multilocus deletions in the ad-3 region can be modified genetically and biochemically (de Serres and Miller, 1988). In the present paper, the heterozygous effects of X-ray-induced gene/point mutations of genotype ad-3AR or ad-3BR, induced in heterokaryon 12 (Webber and de Serres, 1965; de Serres, 1988, 1989a), were determined. The studies presented in this paper show that 8.1% (3/37) of X-ray-induced ad-3AR mutations exhibit heterozygous effects in terms of reduced linear growth rates in forced dikaryons with a gene/point mutant at the ad-3B locus, and 10.8% (4/37) in forced dikaryons with a multilocus deletion mutation covering the ad-3B locus. In addition, 24.3% (9/37) of ad-3AR mutations exhibit heterozygous effects in terms of enhanced linear growth rates in forced dikaryons with a gene/point mutant at the ad-3B locus. Similar studies with X-ray-induced ad-3BR mutations showed that 54.9% (28/51) exhibit heterozygous effects in terms of reduced growth rates in forced dikaryons with a gene/point mutant at the ad-3A locus and 100.0% (48/48) in forced dikaryons with a multilocus deletion covering the ad-3A locus. These studies have also shown that about a 13-fold higher percentage of X-ray-induced multiple-locus mutations of genotype ad-3AR + RLCL have heterozygous effects resulting in reduced growth rates than X-ray-induced single-locus mutations of genotype ad-3AR. The overall data base on X-ray-induced ad-3 gene/point mutations in the present studies demonstrates that heterozygous effects are allele specific, genotype specific, and locus specific.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID:
1381467
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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