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J Immunol. 1992 Jul 15;149(2):649-54.

Two major groups of neutralizing anti-gp120 antibodies exist in HIV-infected individuals. Evidence for epitope diversity around the CD4 attachment site.

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  • 1IDEC Pharmaceuticals Corporation, La Jolla, CA 92037.


The aim of this study was to dissect neutralizing anti-gp120 antibody populations in seropositive asymptomatic individuals. Murine anti-Id mAb were raised against polyclonal affinity-purified human anti-gp120 antibodies. These anti-Id mAb were used to fractionate anti-gp120 antibodies from a pool of HIV-positive sera into idiotypically distinct anti-gp120 antibody (Id+Ab) preparations. Immunochemical and neutralization studies indicated that all Id+Ab that neutralized HIV-1 in vitro interacted with either the V3 loop or the CD4 attachment site of gp120. The V3-specific Id+Ab neutralized HIV-1 in a strain-restricted manner. Id+Ab specific for the CD4 attachment site exhibited different spectra of neutralizing activities against multiple strains of HIV-1. This finding indicates that multiple, antigenically diverse epitopes reside around the CD4 attachment site of gp120. Significantly, depletion of the Id+Ab from affinity-purified total anti-gp120 antibodies abrogated most of the neutralizing activities of these antibodies, suggesting that neutralizing anti-gp120 antibodies consist of two major specificities, either to the V3 region or to the CD4 attachment site. The understanding of specificities and neutralizing activities of different anti-gp120 antibodies in seropositive healthy individuals will be helpful for designing effective vaccines and immunotherapeutic strategies for AIDS.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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