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Am J Surg Pathol. 1992 Apr;16(4):325-34.

Nephrogenic adenofibroma. A novel kidney tumor of young people.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.


Nephrogenic adenofibroma is a novel kidney tumor of young people (mean age of presentation, 13 years), who present with polycythemia, hypertension, or hematuria, which resolve following nephrectomy. The typical nephrectomy specimen contains a solitary, nonencapsulated, vaguely circumscribed, irregularly shaped or spherical, firm mass with either tan, gray-white, or pale yellow coloration. Cysts are sometimes present within the tumor. The histologic appearance is distinctive and characterized by a marked proliferation of spindled mesenchymal cells resembling the classical type of congenital mesoblastic nephroma, encasing discrete nodules of embryonal epithelium similar to the hyperplastic nephrogenic rests (nephroblastomatosis) usually associated with Wilms' tumor. The mesenchymal component consists of a fascicular proliferation of tightly interlaced, uniform, benign-appearing spindled cells that immunostatin for vimentin and fibronectin, but not desmin or actin. The epithelial component consists of discrete islands of blastemal cells that are partially or fully differentiated toward tubular, tubulopapillary, or papillary structures. Psammoma bodies are plentiful. Embryonal epithelium immunostains for cytokeratin but not epithelial membrane antigen. The overall histologic appearance of the mesenchymal and epithelial components is benign, and preliminary clinical data suggest that the tumor has a benevolent course. Two cases, however, contained small, well-circumscribed papillary lesions near the renal pelvis that resembled low-grade collecting duct carcinoma. The clinical implications of the latter finding are unclear.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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