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J Invest Dermatol. 1992 Mar;98(3):384-7.

Effect of in vivo interleukin-1 on adhesion molecule expression in normal human skin.

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  • 1St. John's Institute of Dermatology, UMDS, London, U.K.


We have examined the expression of three endothelial adhesion molecules (intercellular adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1], endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 [ELAM-1], and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1]) in normal human skin following intradermal injection of stratum corneum-derived interleukin-1 alpha (SCIL-1 alpha). In control skin, constitutive expression of ICAM-1 was found on endothelial cells and at low levels on dermal dendritic cells but not on keratinocytes. ELAM-1 and VCAM-1 were present in low levels on endothelium and perivascular dendritic cells, respectively. SCIL-1 alpha injection produced marked endothelial ELAM-1 upregulation. Double staining with neutrophil elastase demonstrated that many ELAM-1-positive vessels contained marginating neutrophils and that interstitial neutrophils were clustered around ELAM-1-positive vessels. An increase in dermal dendritic cell ICAM-1 expression occurred and in two of three biopsies there was keratinocyte expression of ICAM-1 in the SCIL-1 alpha-injected tissue. Also, there was upregulation of VCAM-1 on vascular endothelium and an increase in the dermal dendritic cell expression of this molecule. These results give in vivo confirmation that SCIL-1 alpha modulated endothelial and dermal dendritic cell adhesion molecule expression, and show that endothelial VCAM-1 is regulated in vivo by SCIL-1 alpha, thus providing a regulatable ICAM-1-independent means of mononuclear cell recruitment.

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