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Pediatr Surg Int. 2003 Sep;19(7):537-9. Epub 2003 Sep 9.

Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in children: 2-5-year follow-up.

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  • 1Department of Paediatric Surgery, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Sciennes Road, Edinburgh EH9 1LF, UK.



This study aims to document the current status of a cohort of children who underwent laparoscopic fundoplication at a single centre between 1996 and 1998.


Parents were contacted and a questionnaire regarding preoperative and current symptoms completed. Case notes were reviewed for results of postoperative investigations.


Forty-five laparoscopic Nissen fundoplications were performed. The median age was 5 years. Twenty-eight children were neurologically impaired. Five died of underlying medical problems during follow-up. Two were lost to follow-up, leaving 38 parents interviewed. Median follow-up was 36 months. Twenty-five children were asymptomatic, and 13 reported upper gastrointestinal symptoms. In ten, symptoms were less severe than preoperatively. Nine of the 13 children were taking acid suppressing drugs. No children reported problems with dysphagia. Twelve of the 13 symptomatic children had investigations for recurrent reflux. In no case was there evidence of reflux or wrap disruption. One of the children who died had been demonstrated to have recurrent reflux on barium swallow.


Sixty-six percent of patients reported complete relief, and a further 26% reported considerable improvement of their symptoms. There was a high degree of parental satisfaction with the outcome of the operation. The results suggest that laparoscopic fundoplication is a durable procedure with documented recurrent reflux in only 2% of children at a median follow-up of 3 years.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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