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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2003 Oct 1;418(1):49-54.

Kinetic and biochemical analysis of the mechanism of action of lysine 5,6-aminomutase.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 53726, USA.


Lysine 5,6-aminomutase (5,6-LAM) catalyzes the reversible and nearly isoenergetic transformations of D-lysine into 2,5-diaminohexanoate (2,5-DAH) and of L-beta-lysine into 3,5-diaminohexanoate (3,5-DAH). The activity of 5,6-LAM depends on pyridoxal-5(')-phosphate (PLP) and adenosylcobalamin. The currently postulated multistep mechanism involves at least 12 steps, two of which involve hydrogen transfer. The deuterium kinetic isotope effects on k(cat) and k(cat)/K(m) have been found to be 10.4+/-0.3 and 8.3+/-1.9, respectively, in the reaction of DL-lysine-3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6-d(8). The corresponding isotope effects for reaction of DL-lysine-4,4,5,5-d(4) are 8.5+/-0.7 and 7.1+/-1.2, respectively. Neither cob(II)alamin nor a free radical can be detected in the steady state by UV-Vis spectrophotometry or electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Therefore, hydrogen abstraction from carbon-5 of the substrate side chain is rate limiting in the mechanism. DL-4-Oxalysine is an alternative substrate for 5,6-LAM. DL-4-Oxalysine reacts irreversibly because the product breaks down into ammonia, acetaldehyde, and DL-serine. The value of K(m) for the reaction of DL-4-oxalysine is lower than that for DL-lysine and that of k(cat) for DL-4-oxalysine is slightly lower than that for DL-lysine. As measured by values of k(cat)/K(m), 5,6-LAM uses DL-4-oxalysine essentially as efficiently as the best substrates, D-lysine and L-beta-lysine, and more efficiently than DL-lysine. DL-4-Oxalysine induces the same suicide inactivation by electron transfer as do the biological substrates. The putative substrate-related radical intermediate is not sufficiently stabilized by the nonbonding 4-oxa electrons to be detectable by EPR spectroscopy.

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