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Hum Genet. 1992 Dec;90(4):395-401.

Alcohol dehydrogenase genes: restriction fragment length polymorphisms for ADH4 (pi-ADH) and ADH5 (chi-ADH) and construction of haplotypes among different ADH classes.

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  • 1Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences and Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract

Of the five human alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes located in the region q21-25 of chromosome 4, genetic markers have been reported previously only for class I enzymes, ADH1-3. Here, new restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) are described for the genes of two other classes, ADH4 (pi) and ADH5 (chi or formaldehyde dehydrogenase, FDH). The frequencies and modes of inheritance of these RFLPs were determined with DNA both from unrelated individuals and from families. A polymorphic PstI site is assigned to the fourth intron of the ADH4 gene. Pairwise linkage disequilibrium calculations for these new RFLPs and already known RFLPs at the ADH2 and ADH3 loci establish strong linkage disequilibria between polymorphic MspI and BstXI sites in the ADH5 gene as well as between XbaI and MspI sites in the ADH3 gene. Furthermore, linkage disequilibria were detected between RFLPs of the ADH2 and ADH3 genes as well as between those of the ADH4 and ADH5 genes. The latter disequilibrium implies a hitherto unknown physical proximity of two genes belonging to different ADH classes. The RFLPs were used to construct chromosomal haplotypes that include three ADH classes. Of the 16 possible haplotypes for four RFLP markers used here, 10 were experimentally detected. The potential application of the ADH RFLPs and haplotypes in linkage or association studies of inherited diseases such as familial "alcoholism" is discussed.

PMID:
1362387
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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