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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1992 Jan 31;30(4):431-8.

Changes in mononuclear peripheral blood cells in cattle with foot-and-mouth disease.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias (FCV), Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

The percentages and absolute numbers of mononuclear peripheral blood cells (MNC) were studied in vaccinated (Vac) and non-vaccinated (control) cattle, challenged with foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). All Vac cattle but none of the controls resisted challenge. Cell populations were studied immediately before and one week after challenge, by direct and indirect immunofluorescence, using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against different bovine markers. Total B-lymphocytes, as assessed with polyclonal anti-IgG (H + L) antisera, as well as total mononuclear cells, were normal before and after infection, and did not change in Vac or control groups. Before challenge Vac cattle had higher numbers of ILA-29+ (a putative marker for null cells or, alternatively, for gamma delta T-cells) than control cattle. After challenge, in control cattle, the number of total T-cells, BoT4-bearing (helper) T-cells and BoT8-bearing (cytotoxic/suppressor) T-cells were decreased, while IgM-bearing B-lymphocytes, as well as monocyte/macrophage cells were increased. The number of IL-A29-bearing T-cells did not change after infection in either group. After challenge, Vac cattle also showed increased numbers of IgM-bearing B-lymphocytes and monocyte/macrophage cells, whereas T-subpopulations did not change significantly.

PMID:
1347666
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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